Botox injections improve not only migraine symptoms, but also sleep and fatigue

Sleep disturbances and fatigue are more common in patients with chronic migraine headaches than in people without migraines. Sometimes it is not clear what came first, migraines or the sleep problem with secondary fatigue.

A multicenter study performed in Australia, South Korea, and the US examined the effect of Botox injections given for chronic migraines on sleep and fatigue. This was a 108-week study of 715 adult patients who received Botox injections every 12 weeks. Their sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and fatigue was measured by the Fatigue Severity Scale, both standard and proven measures of sleep and fatigue.

The authors presented their findings at the American Headache Society meeting held two months ago in Boston. While sleep quality was poor before injections were started, significant improvement was noted 24 weeks later and the improvement persisted for the rest of the study. The same was true for fatigue. These findings suggest that sleep difficulty and fatigue are more often the result of chronic migraine, rather than the other way around.

This does not mean that sleep issues should not be addressed while chronic migraine is being treated. Patients are advised to adhere to sleep hygiene, which consists of going to sleep and getting up at the same time, not reading or looking at any screens in bed, sleeping in a cool and quiet environment, exercising and eating at least 2 hours before bedtime, and avoiding caffeine after 1 PM. Regular practice of progressive relaxation and meditation can be very effective for sleep, migraines, and stress. Natural supplements for sleep, such as melatonin and valerian root are also worth trying.

As far as fatigue, we always check vitamin B12 levels, along with vitamin D, RBC magnesium, thyroid, and other blood tests.

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